The Swedish Institute for Health Economics (IHE) has for many years now published regular updates on the burden of cancer and access to cancer drugs in Europe. This report expands IHE's research in this area to the Middle East and Africa. The report builds on a comparative analysis of nine countries across the region. It intends to raise awareness of the size of the burden of cancer and the need to address it comprehensively. All areas of cancer control - prevention, screening, diagnosis, treatment, survivorship, as well as governance – are therefore analyzed in every country with country-specific recommendations on how to improve the current state of cancer care.