Though Growth in Medicine Prices and Spending Remains in Line with Inflation, Many of the Sickest Patients Continue to Face High Out-of-Pocket Costs
Due to negotiations in the market, net prices for brand medicines grew just 1.7% in 2019, less than the rate of inflation.
But it often doesn’t feel that way for patients because insurers and pharmacy benefit managers have increasingly shifted more health care costs to patients through high deductibles and coinsurance.
In fact, half of commercially insured patient spending on brand medicines is based on the undiscounted list price of a medicine rather than the negotiated net price. And commercially insured patients with a deductible have seen their out-of-pocket costs for brand medicines increase 50% since 2014.
Copay coupons offered by biopharmaceutical companies can provide a valuable source of assistance for many commercially insured patients to afford out-of-pocket costs associated with insurance coverage for their medicines. Unfortunately, a new rule from the Administration makes it harder for patients to use manufacturer cost-sharing assistance to lower their out-of-pocket costs for medicines. We should not allow health insurers and pharmacy benefit managers to limit how much cost-sharing assistance can help patients at the pharmacy.
How the Biopharmaceutical Supply Chain Shapes the Market for Medicines
Nearly half of spending on brand medicines went to the supply chain and other entities in 2018, and not to the biopharmaceutical companies that research, develop and manufacture the medicines.
Between 2015 and 2018, the amount innovative biopharmaceutical companies received from the sale of brand medicines increased, on average, 2.6% annually, in line with inflation. In this same timeframe, companies brought nearly 200 new innovative treatments and cures to patients.
And in 2020 alone, rebates and discounts given to insurance companies, the government, pharmacy benefit managers and other entities in the supply chain reached $187 billion and are growing every year. But these rebates and discounts are often not shared with patients at the pharmacy counter.
Understanding the Drivers of Health Care Spending
Health care providers like doctors and nurses are there for patients at pivotal moments, but hospital administrators often take advantage of the system to pad their bottom lines at the expense of patients. In fact, hospitals are the largest share of health care spending in the United States and are a driver of higher cost sharing and premiums for patients across the country.
To fix our health care system, we need a robust discussion about the drivers of higher cost sharing and premiums for patients across the country.
Fixing the Health Care System so It Works Better for Patients
We have a responsibility to not just develop treatments and cures, but to also help patients access them. That’s why we are making it easier for patients who are struggling to afford their medicines to find the robust patient assistance programs available to them. We are also working to fix the health care system so it works better for patients by making sure rebates and discounts are shared with patients at the pharmacy counter, eliminating barriers to innovative payment arrangements and making insurance work like insurance again.